Sunday, 3 November 2013

How to Convert a PDF to a Word Document

Method 1 of 2: Use a Free Online Conversion Service

  1. Find a free PDF to Word converter online. You'll be able to use an online converter to convert your PDF to a Word file without downloading any programs on your computer. Find a reliable and free website, such as "PDF to Word."
  2. Select "Choose File." You can find this option on the left side of the screen.
  3. Select the file you'd like to convert. Search through your files to find the PDF that you'd like to convert to a Word Document.
  4. Type your email address if it's required. Many converter programs will ask for your email address so they can email the finished product to you; others will simply allow you access the finished product online.
  5. Confirm that you're "human" if it's required. Many programs will ask you type in the words that you see to prove that you're a real person.
  6. Click "Convert to Word."
  7. Wait for the file to download. This may take a few minutes.
  8. Open the file in your email. Once the file finished converting, you should be able to open it in your email.

Method 3 of 3: Use a Free Converter Program

  1. Download a free converter program on your computer. Look online to find a free and reliable program, such as "Free PDF to Word Converter." Make sure the program doesn't require you to give up personal or financial information.
  2. Install the program onto your computer. Once you've installed the program, you can begin to convert the PDF to a Word Document.
  3. Open the program.
  4. Click "Browse." This will allow you to look through your files to find the PDF file that you'd like to convert to a Word Doc. Browse through the files until you've found the one you want to use.
  5. Select and open the file.
  6. Select "General Options." Use this to change the options for the Word document. Click "All Pages" to convert every page in the PDF file into a Word Document. If you don't want to convert every page, just type the page numbers you'd like to convert.
  7. Click "Convert to Word Document." Wait for the PDF to covert.
  8. Save the new file. Once the PDF has converted to a Word Document, save it in this format.
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fight between india shikhar dhawan and australia shane wastson in cricke...
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Thursday, 31 October 2013

Narendra Modi can drastically change India over the next five years

This is the last Diwali before Indians participate in what many of us consider the most important elections in the history of post-liberalization India. Many of this year’s parties are going to feature Narendra Modi and Rahul Gandhi.

For many Indians, this particular edition of the elections go beyond the question of who will form the next government. It is a titanic struggle over confirming or rewriting the fundamental ideologies of the Indian state. Should it be socialist? Should it be secular? Should it condone dynastic politics? How can it crush corruption? How can its institutions be rescued? How can it be made safer for its citizens? 

All of this has made my fellow non-resident Indians very impatient indeed. They wish to see change in New Delhi immediately. They want to see the status quo toppled right away. And the majority of those who voice their allegiances publicly do so in favor of Narendra Modi. “Give Modi five years,” they tell me, “and he will change India.” I have heard this over and over again from Indian businessmen, writers, retirees and especially young people. 

But I don’t think Narendra Modi can fundamentally change India in five years. Nor can Rahul Gandhi. Or the Aam Aadmi Party’s Arvind Kejriwal. Not because of any individual shortcomings in their leadership style or political prowess. 

So all India needs is someone to go to Delhi and shut this network down. This can be done, of course. And Modi has pledged to do so. To some extent, and with lesser credibility, so has Rahul Gandhi. Powerful prime ministers can change the discourse in the capital. But we need to be realistic about how long it will take for policy in Delhi to translate into better police in our neighborhoods and more electricity for our homes.

So the problem is not that so many Indians are impatient, angry or frustrated. But that they need to remain informed, impatient, angry and frustrated for the next several Diwalis and numerous elections. To tweak a famous old quote, the voter needs to stay outraged longer than his favorite politician can stay in office.

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The Rise of tomorrow’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi

Today, vast sections of civil society see in Narendra Modi the next Prime Minister of India. I hope he will plant more visible footprints on the international seashore.

No politician in independent India has been demonised in such a relentless, Goebbelsian manner as Narendra Modi, and no politician has withstood it with as much resilience and courage as him, notwithstanding the entire Central government, influential sections of the media machinery and civil society arraigned against him.

 The policies and conduct of Narendra Modi may be compared with those of the late Rajiv Gandhi. The sad assassination of his mother led to what may accurately be described as a virtual genocide of the Sikhs. Armed bands of hooligans and murderers went around the streets and colonies of Delhi in search of innocent Sikhs, sought them out and slaughtered them mercilessly. We saw some Sikhs being burnt alive on public roads while crowds watched the heartrending scenes. Even the then Sikh President could not move a finger to help the unfortunate followers of Guru Nanak. I cannot forget those shameful days even now. All that the new Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi had to say was a defiant, "When a big tree falls the earth must shake". Never did the Congress leadership apologise for the atrocities and the murders. It is the greatness of the Sikh community that they have forgiven the Congress.

In a corruption ridden country where the chief source of corruption is the Congress and its leaders, Narendra Modi shines for his impeccable integrity. He has focused his entire energy on building in Gujarat an able administration and good governance. He has achieved phenomenal development and economic growth, and at the same time bolstered social inclusiveness.

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How to Removing Window 7 User & Admin Password

So, You forgot your password. I am here to help you just at the instant you asked for help. I will explain the process in my style.First the main concept and then its implimention. This way, I can force you to read all the content and upgrade your knowledge level somewhat. :P .
“I am telling you for the educational purpose only. Use it at own risk. I am not responsible for any harm done by you to yourself and others.”
Lets gets ON.
If you have used Linux , you will know that there are two kinds of users in the Linux OS. First one is a simple user that has permission to perform normal routine work on the computer system on which he has access. And second one is root. The root has all sorts of permissions you can think of.
Same is the case for Windows. We too have two kinds of users in Windows, one is User( having normal Administrative privileges) and other one is Administrator. We think that the Administrator has all the power in his hand, and we can do anything with this account. However, it is not true. Administrator does not holds the total power. If you are a keen observer and somewhat experimental in nature, you must have noticed in Windows Xp, that some processes that are triggered by the owner System can not be ended by the Administrator himself.
So, I think you got the real player behind the game.
Administrator is the user account that certainly has got more administrative powers than the normal user but do not have all. It is a sort of power user. In Windows XP, mostly all the users do not temper with this Administrative account, so it is easy to press Ctrl+Alt+Del key on the Login Window, and then writing the Administrative in the User field and then hitting the Enter key and by doing this, you got entrance to the Administrator account and now, you can remove the password of the victim.
But, you can’t  do this in Windows 7, you do not get that login user and pass window here, and even in the case of Windows XP, if original and genuine user has applied the password in all the available accounts and Administrator, you would have been choked there.
Till now, I told you about the root user of Windows and one old trick of breaking Windows XP password.
Windows employs File Protection System. This protection is mostly responsible for keeping you in limits as decided by your authorized level. So, it simply means that if you want to have a date with SAM files, you will have to get rid of the FPS. It is not an easy task because FPS get switched on at the moment you see your login screen. So, it simply means that you need to do anything you want when Window is  not running, I mean when there is another OS on your computer.
Linux Live CDs would come to you to rescue you. They will give you a live demo how the Linux machine looks like. You won’t need to install the Linux in your HDD.
Well, before I tell you about the actual procedure, I would like to tell you about the methods I tried to get rid of password. I tried 4 methods. Fourth one is the universal method that I got.
1)  Firstly,, I thought renaming the SAM file located in C:\Windows\System32\Config folder . On some in depth reading and researching I found that this method only works for the Windows XP SP1. If you did it in after Windows of XP SP1, you will be welcomed by a Warning message that declaring that SAM file is corrupted then you computer will reboot. If you do it Windows 7, you will not be fortunate enough to know what the hell has happened to your computer. Your computer will keep on rebooting in the boot screen.
2) Secondly, I thought that I should replace the while config folder files of target computer with the my config folder ( that do not has password). This method will work, if you have the two systems of same architecture and same configuration. And if you do not have that, you will welcomed by BSoD. (Blue Screen of Death).
3) Another alternative could have been copying all the SAM, SYSTEM files from the Repair folder in the C:\Windows\Repair. This method will work if this folder existed in your computer. I mean it does not exists in Windows 7. But it is there in Windows XP Later 2 Service Packs (2 & 3). It will take to your computer’s ICE AGE. I mean you will have no drivers installed and no software. But certainly, it would work. :)
4) In the 4th and final method, I tried, I used Linux Live Cd and got into Windows File System.
Let me explain everything with the help of screen shots.
This picture shows that I really got a computer that has an Windows 7 where I forgot the password intentionally to write the post :) .
Login Screen
You need to have a Linux Live Cd. I am using Virtual Box for demonstrating the breaking. However, today most of the motherboards support booting from pen drive, so it would be fine if you could just make a pen drive boot-able and try the Linux live CD from that only.
So, I booted into Linux, this screenshots shows the options you need to choose to go on. Hit trying the Ubuntu. Then, you will see the   desktop of the Ubuntu after you got into that.

And the Desktop looks like.

After this, Click on the Tool Bar option “Places”. A drop down menu would come up in which you are required to select the computer option. You can select any other option too. The Computer options leads you to a window like

I am showing you this on the Virtual Box. So, I have made just one partition of size 11 GB. You would have to recognize the correct partition of Windows, C Drive. It could be done simply by opening each partition and examining the Files and Folders in the partitions.
I opened the partition and I got the files.

As you can see,  I got Windows folder here. It is the System Root Drive. C Drive. Now, firstly nevigate to C:\Windows\System32 Folder. And locate the file Sethc.exe. Right click on the file after selecting it. Go to other location in your computer. Anywhere. Right CLick and create a new folder. Copy this file here (sethc.exe). Now, Locate the CMD.exe file and copy to it another location and rename it to sethc.exe and place it in the C:\Windows\System32. Now, you can exit Linux Live Cd now. I hope you will be able to do copy paste by yourself.
So, After you have done this. Restart your computer. If you used Cd drive. remove the Cd, if you used Pen Drive, remove your pen drive. Now, again you will see  the same login screen asking for password.:(

However, if you press Shift Key for 5 times, or hold it for nearly 8 seconds, A change would happen. Let us see what will happen.

The Command Prompt that appears here is very very special. 1st reason is that it is not annoying me for Password. Secondly, it is running at the supreme user mode available in Windows.
If you want to know it. Just type “whoami”. It will tell you who he is.
The main point is to remove the password. It is most simple. Just type
net user username *
and press enter 2 times or enter the new passowrd. Passowrd would be reset. Here, username stands for the your Username which is in our case is Demo. Anothere thing to be seen is, there is a space between the username and *.
You can exit the cmd by exit cmd. And if you have not entered any password, then do not type anything into the passowrd field, only press enter. You will be forwarded to Desktop.

Now, time for some explanation. Sethc.exe process is responisble for two type of keys. Sticky keys and filter keys. I have replaced the sethc.exe with the command prompt. Sp, when the system call tries to invoke sethc.exe process, it calls the Cmd. Since, no user has been login still, the command prompt uses a account which is always login. System the mot powerfual account in Windows 7. Through this Cmd, you hold all the power to do anything to this computer and hence, you changed the password.
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ubuntu (operating system)

Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux operating system, with Unity as its default desktop environment. It is based on free software and named after the Southern African philosophy of ubuntu (literally, "human-ness"), which often is translated as "humanity towards others" or "the belief in a universal bond of sharing that connects all humanity".
According to some metrics, Ubuntu is the most popular Linux distribution. See #Installed_base.
Development of Ubuntu is led by Canonical Ltd., a company based in the Isle of Man and owned by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth. Canonical generates revenue through the sale of technical support and other services related to Ubuntu. According to Canonical, the Ubuntu project is committed to the principles of open source development; people are encouraged to use free software, study how it works, improve upon it, and distribute it.


Ubuntu is composed of many software packages, the majority of which are free software. Free software gives users the freedom to study, adapt/modify, and distribute it. Ubuntu can also run proprietary software.
Ubuntu comes installed with a wide range of software that includes LibreOffice, Firefox, Empathy, Transmission, and several lightweight games (such as Sudoku and chess). Additional software that is not installed by default (including software that used to be in the default installation such as Evolution, GIMP, Pidgin, and Synaptic) can be downloaded and installed using the Ubuntu Software Center or other apt-based package management tools. Programs in the Software Center are mostly free, but there are also priced products, including applications and magazines. Ubuntu can also run many programs designed for Microsoft Windows (such as Microsoft Office), through Wine or using a Virtual Machine (such as VirtualBox or VMware Workstation).
Ubuntu Desktop includes Unity, a graphical desktop environment.
The Ubiquity installer allows Ubuntu to be installed to the hard disk from within the Live CD environment.
GNOME (the former default desktop) supports more than 46 languages.
For increased security, the sudo tool is used to assign temporary privileges for performing administrative tasks, allowing the root account to remain locked, and preventing inexperienced users from inadvertently making catastrophic system changes or opening security holes. PolicyKit is also being widely implemented into the desktop to further harden the system through the principle of least privilege.
Ubuntu compiles its packages using GCC features such as PIE and Buffer overflow protection to harden its software. These extra features greatly increase security at the performance expense of 1% in 32 bit and 0.01% in 64 bit.
Beginning with Ubuntu 5.04, UTF-8 became the default character encoding, which allows for support of a variety of non-Roman scripts.
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Android 4.4 KitKat optimized for wearables and low-end phones, leaked document claims

A new report based on purportedly leaked Android 4.4 KitKat document reveals that Google’s intention with the new mobile operating system is to make it available to low-end devices but also to wearable gadgets. Other features are also briefly described.
The news was published by former Wall Street Journal Amir Efrati, and sort-of resonates with a previous report from the publication that said Google’s “K-release” Android version will be compatible with older devices and other devices than just smartphones and tablets.
Efrati has obtained the information from a “confidential file that Google shared with the companies that make Android devices to explain the most important new features.”
The document apparently reveals that Google wants KitKat to “work well” on low-end phones, just as it would on high-end devices:
KitKat “optimizes memory use in every major component” and provides “tools to help developers create memory-efficient applications” for “entry-level devices,” such as those that have 512 megabytes of memory, according to the document.
In addition to running on older devices – the kind of smartphones and tablets that have never made the jump to Jelly Bean for example – Efrati speculates that KitKat will run on wearable gadgets including smartwatches and Google Glass, considering that the OS will support new types of sensors that seem to be related to wearable devices: geomagnetic rotation vector, step detector and step counter.
Android 4.4 KitKat
Furthermore, KitKat will apparently offer users new NFC functionality, allowing developers to “’emulate’ physical cards that let people make payments, earn loyalty rewards, enter secure buildings and public-transit system,” without requiring access to a secure element.
The document has also revealed that “Google wants your Android device to be a [TV] remote control,” which means support for infrared-based actions will be included in KitKat. Of course, this isn’t the first time we hear that KitKat will have TV-related features, is it?
Finally, the Bluetooth-related features will also receive a “boost,” Efrati says:
Google wants Android apps to be able to interact with a wide variety of devices using Bluetooth technology. Those devices include joysticks, keyboards, and in-car entertainment systems. In KitKat, new support for something called Bluetooth HID over GATT and Bluetooth Message Access Profile will allow Android to talk to more devices than before.
With all that in mind, we can’t but wait for Google to confirm these features in the near future. We’ll hopefully be back with more details very soon.

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The Birth of americam Independence

When the initial battles in the Revolutionary War broke out in April 1775, few colonists desired complete independence from Great Britain, and those who did were considered radical. By the middle of the following year, however, many more colonists had come to favor independence, thanks to growing hostility against Britain and the spread of revolutionary sentiments such as those expressed in Thomas Paine's bestselling pamphlet "Common Sense," published in early 1776.  On June 7, when the Continental Congress met at the Pennsylvania State House (later Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, the Virginia delegate Richard Henry Lee introduced a motion calling for the colonies' independence. Amid heated debate, Congress postponed the vote on Lee's resolution, but appointed a five-man committee--including Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania and Robert R. Livingston of New York--to draft a formal statement justifying the break with Great Britain.

On July 2nd, the Continental Congress voted in favor of Lee's resolution for independence in a near-unanimous vote (the New York delegation abstained, but later voted affirmatively). On that day, John Adams wrote to his wife Abigail that July 2 "will be celebrated, by succeeding Generations, as the great anniversary Festival" and that the celebration should include "Pomp and Parade...Games, Sports, Guns, Bells, Bonfires and Illuminations from one End of this Continent to the other." On July 4th, the Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence, which had been written largely by Jefferson. Though the vote for actual independence took place on July 2nd, from then on the 4th became the day that was celebrated as the birth of American independence.

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Wednesday, 30 October 2013

Real History of Halloween

History of Halloween


Halloween is a holiday celebrated on the night of October 31.  The word Halloween is a shortening of All Hallows' Evening also known as Hallowe'en or All Hallows' Eve.

Traditional activities include trick-or-treating, bonfires, costume parties, visiting "haunted houses" and carving jack-o-lanterns. Irish and Scottish immigrants carried versions of the tradition to North America in the nineteenth century. Other western countries embraced the holiday in the late twentieth century including Ireland, the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom as well as of Australia and New Zealand.

Halloween has its origins in the ancient Celtic festival known as Samhain (pronounced "sah-win").
The festival of Samhain is a celebration of the end of the harvest season in Gaelic culture. Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter. The ancient Gaels believed that on October 31, the boundaries between the worlds of the living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to life and cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops.

The festival would frequently involve bonfires. It is believed that the fires attracted insects to the area which attracted bats to the area. These are additional attributes of the history of Halloween.
Masks and costumes were worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them.
Trick-or-treating, is an activity for children on or around Halloween in which they proceed from house to house in costumes, asking for treats such as confectionery with the question, "Trick or treat?" The "trick" part of "trick or treat" is a threat to play a trick on the homeowner or his property if no treat is given. Trick-or-treating is one of the main traditions of Halloween. It has become socially expected that if one lives in a neighborhood with children one should purchase treats in preparation for trick-or-treaters.
The history of Halloween has evolved.  The activity is popular in the United States, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, and due to increased American cultural influence in recent years, imported through exposure to US television and other media, trick-or-treating has started to occur among children in many parts of Europe, and in the Saudi Aramco camps of Dhahran, Akaria compounds and Ras Tanura in Saudi Arabia. The most significant growth and resistance is in the United Kingdom, where the police have threatened to prosecute parents who allow their children to carry out the "trick" element. In continental Europe, where the commerce-driven importation of Halloween is seen with more skepticism, numerous destructive or illegal "tricks" and police warnings have further raised suspicion about this game and Halloween in general.
In Ohio, Iowa, and Massachusetts, the night designated for Trick-or-treating is often referred to as Beggars Night.
Part of the history of Halloween  is Halloween costumes. The practice of dressing up in costumes and begging door to door for treats on holidays goes back to the Middle Ages, and includes Christmas wassailing. Trick-or-treating resembles the late medieval practice of "souling," when poor folk would go door to door on Hallowmas (November 1), receiving food in return for prayers for the dead on All Souls Day (November 2). It originated in Ireland and Britain, although similar practices for the souls of the dead were found as far south as Italy. Shakespeare mentions the practice in his comedy The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1593), when Speed accuses his master of "puling [whimpering, whining], like a beggar at Hallowmas."
Yet there is no evidence that souling was ever practiced in America, and trick-or-treating may have developed in America independent of any Irish or British antecedent. There is little primary Halloween history documentation of masking or costuming on Halloween in Ireland, the UK, or America before 1900. The earliest known reference to ritual begging on Halloween in English speaking North America occurs in 1911, when a newspaper in Kingston, Ontario, near the border of upstate New York, reported that it was normal for the smaller children to go street guising (see below) on Halloween between 6 and 7 p.m., visiting shops and neighbors to be rewarded with nuts and candies for their rhymes and songs. Another isolated reference appears, place unknown, in 1915, with a third reference in Chicago in 1920. The thousands of Halloween postcards produced between the turn of the 20th century and the 1920s commonly show children but do not depict trick-or-treating. Ruth Edna Kelley, in her 1919 history of the holiday, The Book of Hallowe'en, makes no mention of such a custom in the chapter "Hallowe'en in America." It does not seem to have become a widespread practice until the 1930s, with the earliest known uses in print of the term "trick or treat" appearing in 1934, and the first use in a national publication occurring in 1939. Thus, although a quarter million Scots-Irish immigrated to America between 1717 and 1770, the Irish Potato Famine brought almost a million immigrants in 1845-1849, and British and Irish immigration to America peaked in the 1880s, ritualized begging on Halloween was virtually unknown in America until generations later.
Trick-or-treating spread from the western United States eastward, stalled by sugar rationing that began in April 1942 during World War II and did not end until June 1947.
Early national attention to trick-or-treating was given in October 1947 issues of the children's magazines Jack and Jill and Children's Activities, and by Halloween episodes of the network radio programs The Baby Snooks Show in 1946 and The Jack Benny Show and The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet in 1948. The custom had become firmly established in popular culture by 1952, when Walt Disney portrayed it in the cartoon Trick or Treat, Ozzie and Harriet were besieged by trick-or-treaters on an episode of their television show, and UNICEF first conducted a national campaign for children to raise funds for the charity while trick-or-treating.
Jack O'Lantern
Trick-or-treating on the prairie. Although some popular histories of Halloween have characterized trick-or-treating as an adult invention to re-channel Halloween activities away from vandalism, nothing in the historical record supports this theory. To the contrary, adults, as reported in newspapers from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s, typically saw it as a form of extortion, with reactions ranging from bemused indulgence to anger. Likewise, as portrayed on radio shows, children would have to explain what trick-or-treating was to puzzled adults, and not the other way around. Sometimes even the children protested: for Halloween 1948, members of the Madison Square Boys Club in New York City carried a parade banner that read "American Boys Don't Beg."
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Sunday, 27 October 2013

The Perfect Indian Accessory

India Outfits have been a hit all over the globe and lovely embroidered dupattas have been around for centuries together. Call it dupattas, chaddar, odhani or chunri, they are all the same. From lightweight fabric to heavy zari and zardoshi ones, dupattas have been the favorite from of shringar adorning shoulders of Indian women for long.
Some designers believe that a dupattas is an accessory that accentuates your style and highlights your personality. “Dupatta is a beautiful accessory that can be used in a lot of occasions. It is an important aspect of the Indian attire as highlight your face, neck and shoulder. If you drape it around your neck with its end falling behind, it looks elegant and at the same time if you simply tie it around your neck like a scarf, it looks pretty smart. If you simply carry it hands, it looks cool and chic. “A dupatta changes the entire look of an outfit.”

Dupattas are found in different materials like silk, cotton, chiffon, georgette, etc. giving an elegant look even to a normal salwar/churidar kurta. Over the years, the role of dupattas has changed, and even young girls team it with kurta and jeans adding glam quotient to an otherwise mundane outfit.
Nowadays dupatta are available on different colors and shades. Neon colors are in and they look lovely on Indian skin. Team up your neon colored dupatta with an earthy colored suit as it drastically changes the look of the outfits. Just remember to add a tinge of neon color to the power part of the attire. Also velvet edges on dupattas add a very regal look to the whole ensemble.
Women with light complexion should generally use bright and solid colors more as it brighten up the face. Dupattas add character to an outfit. Right form bandhani and phulkari dupattas, women and young girls love this traditional piece of cloth.
With the rise in Indo-western attires there are stores that only sell dupattas and customized ones too depending on the taste of the client. Works like zardozi, pita, kasab, leheriya, etc. are a major hit the seasons. Silk dupattas with handmade embroidery and heavy work adds finesse to a simple white or black kurta churidar.

So you ready for opting for an Indian ensemble this festive season, make sure your dupatta is colorful and vibrant. 

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